• No previous qualifications needed
Here we are going to provide a pathway to aesthetics by teaching you:
- Introduction to the Human Body. Understand the basic concept of anatomy and physiology.
A) Structural Organization of the Human Body where you can
- Describe the structure of the human body in terms of six levels of the organization
- List the eleven organ systems of the human body and identify at least one organ and one major function of each
B) Anatomical terms, regions, and planes where you will learn how:
- Demonstrate the anatomical position
- Describe the human body using directional and regional terms
- Identify three planes most commonly used in the study of anatomy
- Distinguish between the posterior (dorsal) and the anterior (ventral) body cavities, identifying their subdivisions and representative organs found in each
- Describe body cavities, serous membrane and explain its function
- Understand and describe the Locomotive and Nervous Systems where you will learn how:
- Describe Structure and function of the skeleton
- Different muscle types in the body
- Actions of different muscles
- Structure and function of the nervous system
- Respiratory and Cardiovascular Systems where you will learn how to describe:
- Function and structure of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems
- The function of blood in the body
- Process of gas exchange in internal and external respiration
- The function of the heart
- Digestive System where you will learn how to describe:
- Main structures and function of the digestive system
- How food is processed by the digestive system
- Endocrine System where you will learn how describe:
- Main structures and function of the endocrine system
- Function of hormones in the body
- Integumentary and Immune Systems where you will learn how describe:
- Structure and function of the skin
- Structure and function of the nails and hair
- Main structures and function of the immune system
- How the lymphatic system fights pathogens
- Renal and Reproductive Systems where you will learn how to describe:
- Key structures and functions of the male and female reproductive systems
- The journey of an egg from the ovary to fertilization or menstruation
- Main structure and functions of the renal system
- The three stages of filtration in the kidneys
- Skin diseases and injuries where you will:
- Understand and define types of skin cancers
- Understand and describe eczema
- Understand and define acne
- Understand skin healing
- Understand and describe skin injuries
- Face aging where you will:
- Understand and describe the process of aging
- Understand and describe the role of fat tissue in the process of aing
- Understand and describe the role of muscle-skeletal changes during the process of aging
- Understand and describe the process of skin aging
- Face anatomy, where you will understand the basic description and functions of:
- Face embryology
- bones of the face (head),
- muscles of the face,
- vasculature of the face,
- nerves of the face
But also the modern layered concept of the face with a detailed description of:
- Layer 11 skin;
- layer 2, connective tissue, here subcutaneous fat layer;
- layer 3, aponeurosis also musculoaponeurotic layer;
- layer 4, loose connective tissue, also areolar connective tissue;
- and layer 5, periosteum, also deep fascia.
Here you will spend around 60 learning hours and you will provide us with us 7 written assessments for level 3.
Level 4 will take you up to 60 hours for home studies. You will be provided with course materials ( workbooks) and asked to complete an online multiple-choice assessment at the end of this course.
Introduction to the Human Body.
Understand the basic concept of anatomy and physiology
LEVELS OF HUMAN BODY ORGANIZATION
- subatomic particles,
- organ systems,
- organisms and biosphere.
The structure of a long bone allows for the best visualization of all of the parts of a bone .
A long bone has two parts: the diaphysis and the epiphysis.
The diaphysis is the tubular shaft that runs between the proximal and distal ends of the bone.
The hollow region in the diaphysis is called the medullary cavity, which is filled with yellow marrow.
The walls of the diaphysis are composed of dense and hard compact bone
The wider section at each end of the bone is called the epiphysis (plural = epiphyses), which is filled with spongy bone.
Red marrow fills the spaces in the spongy bone. Each epiphysis meets the diaphysis at the metaphysis, the narrow area that contains the epiphyseal plate (growth plate), a layer of hyaline (transparent) cartilage in a growing bone. When the bone stops growing in early adulthood (approximately 18–21 years), the cartilage is replaced by osseous tissue and the epiphyseal plate becomes an epiphyseal lin.
The medullary cavity has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum (end- = “inside”; oste- = “bone”), where bone growth, repair, and remodeling occur.
The outer surface of the bone is covered with a fibrous membrane called the periosteum (peri– = “around” or “surrounding”).
The periosteum contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic vessels that nourish compact bone.
Tendons and ligaments also attach to bones at the periosteum.
The periosteum covers the entire outer surface except where the epiphyses meet other bones to form joints . In this region, the epiphyses are covered with articular cartilage, a thin layer of cartilage that reduces friction and acts as a shock absorber.
Controlling the Body
The nervous system can be divided into two parts mostly on the basis of a functional difference in responses.
The somatic nervous system (SNS) is responsible for conscious perception and voluntary motor responses. Voluntary motor response means the contraction of skeletal muscle, but those contractions are not always voluntary in the sense that you have to want to perform them. Some somatic motor responses are reflexes, and often happen without a conscious decision to perform them. If your friend jumps out from behind a corner and yells “Boo!” you will be startled and you might scream or leap back. You didn’t decide to do that, and you may not have wanted to give your friend a reason to laugh at your expense, but it is a reflex involving skeletal muscle contractions. Other motor responses become automatic (in other words, unconscious) as a person learns motor skills (referred to as “habit learning” or “procedural memory”).
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is responsible for involuntary control of the body, usually for the sake of homeostasis (regulation of the internal environment). Sensory input for autonomic functions can be from sensory structures tuned to external or internal environmental stimuli. The motor output extends to smooth and cardiac muscle as well as glandular tissue. The role of the autonomic system is to regulate the organ systems of the body, which usually means to control homeostasis. Sweat glands, for example, are controlled by the autonomic system. When you are hot, sweating helps cool your body down. That is a homeostatic mechanism. But when you are nervous, you might start sweating also. That is not homeostatic, it is the physiological response to an emotional state.
Nutrients from the foods you eat are absorbed in the digestive tract. Most of these travel in the bloodstream directly to the liver, where they are processed and released back into the bloodstream for delivery to body cells.
Oxygen from the air you breathe diffuses into the blood, which moves from the lungs to the heart, which then pumps it out to the rest of the body.
Moreover, endocrine glands scattered throughout the body release their products, called hormones, into the bloodstream, which carries them to distant target cells.
Blood also picks up cellular wastes and by products, and transports them to various organs for removal. For instance, blood moves carbon dioxide to the lungs for exhalation from the body, and various waste products are transported to the kidneys and liver for excretion from the body in the form of urine or bile.